Background/Aims: The American Cancer Society recommends that asymptomatic persons aged ≥50 years undergo Sigmoidoscopy every 3-5 years. However, the yield of a second examination 3 years later in persons who are initially negative is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the yield of a second flexible Sigmoidoscopy in average-risk persons aged ≥50 years after an initial negative examination. Methods: Two hundred fifty-nine asymptomatic, average-risk persons who had undergone a negative screening flexible Sigmoidoscopy examination at age ≥50 years underwent a second examination at least 2 years later (mean, 3.4 years). Results: The second examination found adenomas in 15 (6%) screenees, but no cancers or large (>1 cm) or severely dysplastic adenomas were detected. Persons aged ≥60 years at the time of the second examination were more likely (10%) to have adenomas than those < 60 years (3%) (odds ratio, 3.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-12.2), but no advanced lesions were found in persons aged ≥60 years. Conclusions: These data suggest that the American Cancer Society should consider changing its recommendation for screening flexible Sigmoidoscopy in asymptomatic, average-risk persons to 5-year intervals after a negative examination.
ASJC Scopus subject areas