Therapy use and discharge outcomes for elderly nursing home residents

Greg Arling, Arthur R. Williams, Donna Kopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines therapy use and discharge outcomes (community discharge, mortality, or remaining in the facility) over a 90-day period for 1,419 elderly, post-acute care nursing home admissions in South Dakota. Subjects met criteria as rehabilitation candidates (i.e., absence of serious behavioral or medical conditions that would limit rehabilitation potential). Receipt of therapies was related significantly to age (younger), Medicare coverage, hip fracture or stroke diagnosis, absence of cancer diagnosis, and resident or staff expectations for functional improvement. Therapy use was related positively to community discharge and negatively to mortality when controlling for covariates such as age, marital status, payment source, functional status, cognitive status, and major diagnoses. Also, community discharge was related positively to the facility's volume of therapy provision and percentage of Medicare-covered stays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-595
Number of pages9
JournalGerontologist
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Community discharge
  • Medicare
  • Mortality
  • Polytomous regression
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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