Thoracic complications in patients undergoing intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy with mitomycin following cytoreductive surgery

Michael Y.M. Chen, Caroline Chiles, Brian W. Loggie, Robert H. Choplin, Mark A. Perini, Ronald A. Fleming

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and severity of thoracic reactions in patients undergoing intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC). Methods: Forty-two patients who had intraperitoneal disseminated malignancies were treated with cytoreductive surgery (CS) and IPHC. The primary malignancies included carcinoma of the colon (n = 17), stomach (n = 6), appendix (n = 6), pseudomyxoma peritonei (n = 3), mesothelium (n = 2), ovaries (n = 2), jejunum (n = 2), gallbladder (n = 1), urachus (n = 1), and peritoneal carcinomatosis (n = 2). After CS, IPHC with mitomycin (MMC) was administered by perfusion at 40.5°C. After IPHC, multiple radiographs of the chest were reviewed in comparison to the control group. Results: Thoracic complications occurred in 36 patients (86%), including atelectasis in 32 patients (76%), pleural effusions in 27 (64%), pulmonary edema in 10 (24%), pneumonia in 2 (5%), and pneumothorax in 2 (5%). The incidence of thoracic complications in the IPHC group was significantly higher than that of patients in the control group (P < .05). Correlations between the prevalence of pleural effusion and the dose of MMC, duration of procedure, and presence of thrombocytopenia were not significant (P > .05). Conclusions: Bibasilar atelectasis and pleural effusions are common findings after IPHC with MMC, but most of them do not necessarily warrant intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997

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Keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Chemotherapy
  • Mitomycin C
  • Peritoneal neoplasms
  • Surgery
  • Thorax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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