Thoracic complications in patients undergoing intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy with mitomycin following cytoreductive surgery

Michael Y.M. Chen, Caroline Chiles, Brian W. Loggie, Robert H. Choplin, Mark A. Perini, Ronald A. Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and severity of thoracic reactions in patients undergoing intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (IPHC). Methods: Forty-two patients who had intraperitoneal disseminated malignancies were treated with cytoreductive surgery (CS) and IPHC. The primary malignancies included carcinoma of the colon (n = 17), stomach (n = 6), appendix (n = 6), pseudomyxoma peritonei (n = 3), mesothelium (n = 2), ovaries (n = 2), jejunum (n = 2), gallbladder (n = 1), urachus (n = 1), and peritoneal carcinomatosis (n = 2). After CS, IPHC with mitomycin (MMC) was administered by perfusion at 40.5°C. After IPHC, multiple radiographs of the chest were reviewed in comparison to the control group. Results: Thoracic complications occurred in 36 patients (86%), including atelectasis in 32 patients (76%), pleural effusions in 27 (64%), pulmonary edema in 10 (24%), pneumonia in 2 (5%), and pneumothorax in 2 (5%). The incidence of thoracic complications in the IPHC group was significantly higher than that of patients in the control group (P < .05). Correlations between the prevalence of pleural effusion and the dose of MMC, duration of procedure, and presence of thrombocytopenia were not significant (P > .05). Conclusions: Bibasilar atelectasis and pleural effusions are common findings after IPHC with MMC, but most of them do not necessarily warrant intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997



  • Adjuvant
  • Chemotherapy
  • Mitomycin C
  • Peritoneal neoplasms
  • Surgery
  • Thorax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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