Most prior morphometry data regarding the A2 segment of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) have been based on cadaveric measurements. With newer imaging modalities, surgical techniques, and minimally invasive procedures, new standards for the anatomy of this vessel are necessary. A novel computer-based data system was used to analyze the three-dimensional (3D) morphometry of 230 A2 segments. In addition, tortuosity (TI) and deviation indices (DI) for this segment were calculated. The mean internal diameter of the A2 segment was 1.86 mm, and segments tended to be larger in men and on left sides. A2 segments were asymmetrical in 43%, and this was more common in women. Lengths tended to be greater on right sides and in men. Volumes were greater in men and increased with age, which was statistically significant. These gender differences were found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05), for both volume and diameter. TI was equal among sides, but DI was more often greater on right sides. The correlation coefficient ratio for length and DI was statistically significant. It is important to understand various 3D morphometrical differences particularly between genders. By constructing blood flow simulation models and during revascularization procedures, surgeons are able to gain a better understanding of each patient's vascular anatomy. These additional 3D data regarding the anatomy of the postcommunicating parts of the ACA may be useful to the neurosurgeon and interventional neuroradiologist. These data may assist with an earlier diagnosis of pathologies affecting the 3D morphology of the ACA.
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