Simultaneous recordings of mandibular movement in three dimensions (frontal, horizontal and sagittal plane), and lateral pterygoid electromyographic (EMG) data during mastication of pellets and slurry, were collected from 5 rats by the opto-electronic mandibular tracking (OMT) method and computerized digital-processing of the EMG wave-forms. The microcomputer analyses allowed determination of frontal-, horizontal- and sagittal-plane movement displacements and velocities for whole chew cycles and, during lateral pterygoid activity, opening burst (OB) and closing burst (CB) latencies. There were significant (p ≤ 0.01) differences between duration, displacement and velocity data from slurry and pellet chew cycles. OB latencies were significantly (p ≤ 0.01) longer than CB, and OB displacements started significantly (p ≤ 0.01) farther from minimal gape than CB ones. Working-side OB activity occurred as the mandible moved inferiorly, laterally and posteriorly; working-side CB activity occurred as the mandible moved superiorly, medially and anteriorly. A secondary peak of OB activity, coinciding with anterior sagittal translation during the last third of mandibular depression, was detected; this may represent independent activity of the rat superior lateral pterygoid effecting anterior translation of the mandibular-joint disc and capsule. Rat lateral pterygoid activity has the same basic, bimodal pattern (active during both mandibular depression and elevation) as is found in humans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology