Computed tomography allows cross‐sectional imaging of anthropological as well as clinical subjects. Recently, technical innovations have made three‐dimensional reconstruction of these images feasible. We performed two‐dimensional and three‐dimensional computed tomography of a Late Period Egyptian mummy to reexamine findings seen on previous radiographic studies and to evaluate the usefulness of these techniques in paleopathology. Two‐dimensional images provided excellent anatomic detail. There was graphic depiction of the mummification process that corroborated information previously obtained from Egyptological studies. Three‐dimensional reconstruction provided images of facial features as if the mummy had been unwrapped. Three‐dimensional computed tomography is a useful method of nondestructively evaluating paleopathological remains, and it may yield information not obtainable by any other means.
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