Thrombopoietin (Tpo) has proliferative and maturational effects on immature and more committed cells, respectively. We previously reported a role for Tpo as a survival factor in the factor-dependent human cell line M07e by demonstrating that Tpo suppresses apoptosis in the absence of induced proliferation. Wild-type p53 is a tumor suppressor gene that can play a vital role in mediating growth factor withdrawal-induced apoptosis in factor- dependent hematopoietic cells. Wild-type p53 can switch from a suppressor conformation, with an antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic phenotype, to a promoter conformation that has a diminished ability to mediate cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In an effort to elucidate the mechanisms through which Tpo suppresses apoptosis, we investigated the effects of Tpo treatment on p53-mediated apoptosis in M07e cells. Tpo upregulated the expression of the promoter conformation of p53 in M07e cells coincident with a downregulation of Bax and Mdm2 protein levels. Protein levels of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L) did not significantly vary as a function of growth-factor stimulation. Conversely, the levels of suppressor conformation p53 were maximal when M07e was in a growth arrested state and decreased during factor stimulation. Furthermore, Tpo treatment induced an extranuclear buildup and greatly weakened the DNA binding capacity of p53. p53-specific antisense oligonucleotide treatment recapitulated the effects of Tpo treatment on the levels of Bax, Mdm-2, and Bcl-2. These results suggest that Tpo is suppressing growth factor withdrawal induced-apoptosis, at least in part, by downregulating the expression of pro- apoptotic Bax protein levels, through modulating the conformation of p53, which results in a functional inactivation of its pro-apoptotic abilities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology