Tight Control of Platelet-derived Growth Factor B/c-sis Expression by Interplay between the 5′-Untranslated Region Sequence and the Major Upstream Promoter

Baoguang Han, Zizheng Dong, Jian-Ting Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The long and GC-rich 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) of the known 3.8-kb platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGF-B)/c-sis mRNA is highly conserved and inhibits its own translation. It has been thought that this 5′-UTR functions by regulating translation possibly using an internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated mechanism. However, in the present study we found no evidence that the 5′-UTR sequence of PDGF-B mRNA contains any IRES activity. Instead, we found that the 5′-UTR sequence of PDGF-B functions as a promoter both constitutively and upon induction in a variety of cell lines. The 5′-UTR sequence contains two promoters (termed P1 and P2) when only the 5′-UTR sequence is analyzed. In the presence of the upstream TATA-box. containing promoter (P0), P1 and P0 promoters are integrated into one promoter, whereas the P2 promoter still functions. The full promoter with combined P0, P1, and P2 produced two transcripts, with the major one having the full-length 5′-UTR and the minor one the short 5′-UTR. The integrated P0/P1 promoter and P2 promoter are likely responsible for producing the endogenous 3.8- and 2.8-kb PDGF-B mRNAs that are detected in cultured human renal microvascular endothelial cells, a few tumor cells, and rat brain tissues. Furthermore, we detected the 2.8-kb PDGF.B mRNA in erythroleukemia K562 cells upon 12-0-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate-induced differentiation. Considering that the 5′-UTR in the 3.8-kb mRNA contains no IRES activity and inhibits cap-dependent translation, we believe that the endogenous 2.8-kb mRNA produced from the 5′-UTR promoter is likely the major template responsible for protein production both constitutively and upon induction. We also found that the transcription from the 5′-UTR P2 promoter might be coordinated by the major upstream P0 promoter upon stimulation. Based on these observations, we propose that the TATA-containing P0 promoter and the 5′-UTR promoter work together to tightly control the expression of PDGF-B.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46983-46993
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2003

Fingerprint

Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis
5' Untranslated Regions
Messenger RNA
Cells
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
TATA Box
K562 Cells
Endothelial cells
Transcription
Rats
Tumors
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Tight Control of Platelet-derived Growth Factor B/c-sis Expression by Interplay between the 5′-Untranslated Region Sequence and the Major Upstream Promoter. / Han, Baoguang; Dong, Zizheng; Zhang, Jian-Ting.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 278, No. 47, 21.11.2003, p. 46983-46993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The long and GC-rich 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) of the known 3.8-kb platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGF-B)/c-sis mRNA is highly conserved and inhibits its own translation. It has been thought that this 5′-UTR functions by regulating translation possibly using an internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated mechanism. However, in the present study we found no evidence that the 5′-UTR sequence of PDGF-B mRNA contains any IRES activity. Instead, we found that the 5′-UTR sequence of PDGF-B functions as a promoter both constitutively and upon induction in a variety of cell lines. The 5′-UTR sequence contains two promoters (termed P1 and P2) when only the 5′-UTR sequence is analyzed. In the presence of the upstream TATA-box. containing promoter (P0), P1 and P0 promoters are integrated into one promoter, whereas the P2 promoter still functions. The full promoter with combined P0, P1, and P2 produced two transcripts, with the major one having the full-length 5′-UTR and the minor one the short 5′-UTR. The integrated P0/P1 promoter and P2 promoter are likely responsible for producing the endogenous 3.8- and 2.8-kb PDGF-B mRNAs that are detected in cultured human renal microvascular endothelial cells, a few tumor cells, and rat brain tissues. Furthermore, we detected the 2.8-kb PDGF.B mRNA in erythroleukemia K562 cells upon 12-0-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate-induced differentiation. Considering that the 5′-UTR in the 3.8-kb mRNA contains no IRES activity and inhibits cap-dependent translation, we believe that the endogenous 2.8-kb mRNA produced from the 5′-UTR promoter is likely the major template responsible for protein production both constitutively and upon induction. We also found that the transcription from the 5′-UTR P2 promoter might be coordinated by the major upstream P0 promoter upon stimulation. Based on these observations, we propose that the TATA-containing P0 promoter and the 5′-UTR promoter work together to tightly control the expression of PDGF-B.",
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