Time-course for recovery of renal function after unilateral (single-tract) percutaneous access in the pig

Rajash Handa, Lynn R. Willis, Bret A. Connors, Sujuan Gao, Andrew Evan, Samuel C. Kim, William W. Tinmouth, James E. Lingeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Introduction: The immediate (1-5 hours) response to percutaneous renal access (PERC) in pigs is vasoconstriction in the treated kidney. The present study determined the longer-term (72 hours) consequences of this surgical procedure. Materials and Methods: Adult female pigs were anesthetized, and bilateral glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), urine flow rate, and sodium excretion rate were measured before and 1 hour after sham PERC or unilateral, single-tract PERC using a balloon dilator system. Animals were allowed to regain consciousness and were then anesthetized 72 hours later for final measurements of bilateral renal hemodynamic and excretory function together with renal para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) extraction (a measure of tubular organic anion transport efficiency). Results: Bilateral renal hemodynamics were unchanged in the sham-PERC-treated pigs over the 72-hour observation period. In contrast, both GFR and ERPF were reduced by approximately 55% in the PERC-treated kidney within 1 hour of access, and returned to pre-PERC levels within 72 hours. Renal hemodynamics were not significantly altered in the opposite, untreated kidney of the PERC-treated pigs. Renal PAH extraction was decreased in PERC-treated kidneys at 72 hours post-PERC. Both sham-PERC-treated and PERC-treated animals showed similar falls in urine flow rate and sodium excretion rate immediately after treatment and at 72 hours after PERC. Conclusions: Renal vasoconstriction characterized the acute response of the treated kidney to unilateral PERC, whereas impaired tubular function (reduced PAH extraction) with near-normal GFR and ERPF characterizes the later (72 hours) response to PERC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

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Recovery of Function
Swine
Kidney
Effective Renal Plasma Flow
p-Aminohippuric Acid
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Hemodynamics
Vasoconstriction
Sodium
Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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Time-course for recovery of renal function after unilateral (single-tract) percutaneous access in the pig. / Handa, Rajash; Willis, Lynn R.; Connors, Bret A.; Gao, Sujuan; Evan, Andrew; Kim, Samuel C.; Tinmouth, William W.; Lingeman, James E.

In: Journal of Endourology, Vol. 24, No. 2, 01.02.2010, p. 283-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Handa, Rajash ; Willis, Lynn R. ; Connors, Bret A. ; Gao, Sujuan ; Evan, Andrew ; Kim, Samuel C. ; Tinmouth, William W. ; Lingeman, James E. / Time-course for recovery of renal function after unilateral (single-tract) percutaneous access in the pig. In: Journal of Endourology. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 283-288.
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AU - Evan, Andrew

AU - Kim, Samuel C.

AU - Tinmouth, William W.

AU - Lingeman, James E.

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N2 - Introduction: The immediate (1-5 hours) response to percutaneous renal access (PERC) in pigs is vasoconstriction in the treated kidney. The present study determined the longer-term (72 hours) consequences of this surgical procedure. Materials and Methods: Adult female pigs were anesthetized, and bilateral glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), urine flow rate, and sodium excretion rate were measured before and 1 hour after sham PERC or unilateral, single-tract PERC using a balloon dilator system. Animals were allowed to regain consciousness and were then anesthetized 72 hours later for final measurements of bilateral renal hemodynamic and excretory function together with renal para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) extraction (a measure of tubular organic anion transport efficiency). Results: Bilateral renal hemodynamics were unchanged in the sham-PERC-treated pigs over the 72-hour observation period. In contrast, both GFR and ERPF were reduced by approximately 55% in the PERC-treated kidney within 1 hour of access, and returned to pre-PERC levels within 72 hours. Renal hemodynamics were not significantly altered in the opposite, untreated kidney of the PERC-treated pigs. Renal PAH extraction was decreased in PERC-treated kidneys at 72 hours post-PERC. Both sham-PERC-treated and PERC-treated animals showed similar falls in urine flow rate and sodium excretion rate immediately after treatment and at 72 hours after PERC. Conclusions: Renal vasoconstriction characterized the acute response of the treated kidney to unilateral PERC, whereas impaired tubular function (reduced PAH extraction) with near-normal GFR and ERPF characterizes the later (72 hours) response to PERC.

AB - Introduction: The immediate (1-5 hours) response to percutaneous renal access (PERC) in pigs is vasoconstriction in the treated kidney. The present study determined the longer-term (72 hours) consequences of this surgical procedure. Materials and Methods: Adult female pigs were anesthetized, and bilateral glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), urine flow rate, and sodium excretion rate were measured before and 1 hour after sham PERC or unilateral, single-tract PERC using a balloon dilator system. Animals were allowed to regain consciousness and were then anesthetized 72 hours later for final measurements of bilateral renal hemodynamic and excretory function together with renal para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) extraction (a measure of tubular organic anion transport efficiency). Results: Bilateral renal hemodynamics were unchanged in the sham-PERC-treated pigs over the 72-hour observation period. In contrast, both GFR and ERPF were reduced by approximately 55% in the PERC-treated kidney within 1 hour of access, and returned to pre-PERC levels within 72 hours. Renal hemodynamics were not significantly altered in the opposite, untreated kidney of the PERC-treated pigs. Renal PAH extraction was decreased in PERC-treated kidneys at 72 hours post-PERC. Both sham-PERC-treated and PERC-treated animals showed similar falls in urine flow rate and sodium excretion rate immediately after treatment and at 72 hours after PERC. Conclusions: Renal vasoconstriction characterized the acute response of the treated kidney to unilateral PERC, whereas impaired tubular function (reduced PAH extraction) with near-normal GFR and ERPF characterizes the later (72 hours) response to PERC.

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