Tolerance and cross-tolerance between Tyr-W-MIF-1, a mixed μ-agonist/antagonist, and morphine were examined. Opiate dependence also was examined. Rats were pretreated with Tyr-W-MIF-1, morphine, or saline for 4 days. On day 5, the animals were tested for Tyr-W-MIF-1 analgesia, morphine analgesia, or naloxone-precipitated withdrawal. Tyr-W-MIF-1- and morphine-pretreated animals showed similar levels of dependence. Animals pretreated with Tyr-W-MIF-1 failed to express tolerance to Tyr-W-MIF-1 analgesia but did display cross-tolerance to morphine analgesia. Animals pretreated with morphine displayed tolerance to morphine analgesia but did not express cross-tolerance to Tyr-W-MIF-1 analgesia. Therefore, tolerance and morphine-induced cross-tolerance were not expressed to Tyr-W-MIF-1 analgesia. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience