The risk of toxoplasmosis in high-risk cardiac transplant recipients is well recognized prompting universal donor and candidate screening with administration of targeted post-transplant chemoprophylaxis in high-risk (D+/R−) cardiac transplant patients. In contrast, until recently, there have been neither well-defined recommendations nor consensus regarding toxoplasmosis preventive strategies among non-cardiac solid organ transplant recipients. We report 3 cases of post-transplant toxoplasmosis in non-cardiac transplant recipients (one lung and two liver); all 3 infections presumed to be donor-derived. Not surprisingly, pre-transplant Toxoplasma serology was negative in all the patients. None of the patients were on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) prophylaxis at the time of diagnosis of toxoplasmosis. The median time from transplant to onset of infection was 90 days (range: 30-120 days). Clinical presentations included cerebral (n = 1) and disseminated infections (n = 2). Two of the 3 patients, both with disseminated infection died (mortality ~ 67%).
- solid organ transplant recipients
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases