Training emotional processing in persons with brain injury

Dawn Radice-Neumann, Barbra Zupan, MacHiko Tomita, Barry Willer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of 2 interventions for different aspects of emotion-processing deficits in adults with acquired brain injury (ABI). PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen participants with ABI (minimum 1 year postinjury) from Western New York and Southern Ontario, Canada. INTERVENTIONS: (1) Emotion processing from faces ("facial affect recognition" or FAR) and (2) emotion processing from written context by using "stories of emotional inference" (SEI). Ten randomly assigned participants received the FAR intervention, and 9 received the SEI protocol. Both interventions were administered 1 hour per day, 3 times per week, and completed in 6 to 9 sessions, and both incorporated participants personal emotional experiences into training. OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Facial affect, (2) vocal affect, (3) affect from videos, (4) emotional inference from context, and (5) emotional behavior. There were 2 pretests, a posttest, and a 2-week follow-up. RESULTS: FAR participants showed significantly improved emotion recognition from faces, ability to infer emotions from context, and socioemotional behavior, while the SEI group members exhibited significantly improved ability to infer how they would feel in a given context. CONCLUSION: Training can improve emotion perception in persons with ABI. Although further research is needed, the interventions are clinically practical and show promise for the population with ABI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-323
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affect recognition
  • Brain injury
  • Emotion perception
  • Emotion processing
  • Intervention
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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