Transforming growth factor-β1 modulates responses of CD34+ cord blood cells to stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXCL12

Sunanda Basu, Hal Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disruption of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12 [CXC chemokine ligand 12]) interaction leads to mobilization of stem/progenitor cells from bone marrow to circulation. However, prolonged exposure of CD34+ cells to SDF-1 desensitizes them to SDF-1. So how do cells remain responsive to SDF-1 in vivo when they are continuously exposed to SDF-1? We hypothesized that one or more mechanisms mediated by cytokines exist that could modulate SDF-1 responsiveness of CD34+ cells and the desensitization process. We considered transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) a possible candidate, since TGF-β1 has effects on CD34+ cells and is produced by stromal cells, which provide niches for maintenance and proliferation of stem/progenitor cells. TGF-β1 significantly restored SDF-1-induced chemotaxis and sustained adhesion responses in cord blood CD34+ cells preexposed to SDF-1. Effects of TGF-β1 were dependent on the dose and duration of TGF-β1 pretreatment. Phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (Erk1)/Erk2 was implicated in TGF-β1 modulation of migratory and adhesion responses to SDF-1. Our results indicate that low levels of TGF-β1 can modulate SDF-1 responsiveness of CD34+ cells and thus may facilitate SDF-1-mediated retention and nurturing of stem/progenitor cells in bone marrow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chemokine CXCL12
Transforming Growth Factors
Fetal Blood
Blood Cells
Blood
Cells
Stem Cells
Stem cells
Bone
Adhesion
Bone Marrow
CXC Chemokines
Phosphorylation
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
Chemotaxis
Stromal Cells
Maintenance
Modulation
Cytokines
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Transforming growth factor-β1 modulates responses of CD34+ cord blood cells to stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXCL12. / Basu, Sunanda; Broxmeyer, Hal.

In: Blood, Vol. 106, No. 2, 15.07.2005, p. 485-493.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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