Transgenic expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXC chemokine ligand 12 enhances myeloid progenitor cell survival/antiapoptosis in vitro in response to growth factor withdrawal and enhances myelopoiesis in vivo

Hal E. Broxmeyer, Scott Cooper, Lisa Kohli, Giao Hangoc, Younghee Lee, Charlie Mantel, D. Wade Clapp, Chang H. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemopoiesis is regulated in part by survival/apoptosis of hemopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Exogenously added stromal cell-derived factor-1 ((SDF-1)/CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)12) enhances survival/antiapoptosis of myeloid progenitor cells in vitro. To further evaluate SDF-1/CXCL12 effects on progenitor cell survival, transgenic mice endogenously expressing SDF-1/CXCL12 under a Rous sarcoma virus promoter were produced. Myeloid progenitors (CFU-granulocyte-macrophage, burst-forming uniterythroid, CFU-granulocyte-erythrocyte-megakaryocyte-monocyte) from transgenic mice were studied for in vitro survival in the context of delayed addition of growth factors. SDF-1-expressing transgenic myeloid progenitors were enhanced in survival and antiapoptosis compared with their wild-type littermate counterparts. Survival-enhancing effects were due to release of low levels of SDF-1/CXCL12 and mediated through CXCR4 and Gαi proteins as determined by ELISA, an antagonist to CXCR4, Abs to CXCR4 and SDF-1, and pertussis toxin. Transgenic effects of low SDF-1/CXCR4 may be due to synergy of SDF-1/CXCL12 with other cytokines; low SDF-1/CXCL12 synergizes with low concentrations of other cytokines to enhance survival of normal mouse myeloid progenitors. Consistent with in vitro results, progenitors from SDF-1/CXCL12 transgenic mice displayed enhanced marrow and splenic myelopoiesis: greatly increased progenitor cell cycling and significant increases in progenitor cell numbers. These results substantiate survival effects of SDF-1/CXCL12, now extended to progenitors engineered to endogenously produce low levels of this cytokine, and demonstrate activity in vivo for SDF-1/CXCL12 in addition to cell trafficking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-429
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume170
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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