Transient change of cardiac action potential and intracellular Ca2+ during ventricular fibrillation

Su hua Wu, Hideki Hayashi, Shien-Fong Lin, Hong Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The cardiac action potential (AP) and the intracellular Ca(2+) transient (CaT) are closely associated under normal physiological conditions, but not during ventricular fibrillation (VF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether this dissociation is directly related to the higher activation rate during VF. METHODS: We optically mapped AP and CaT simultaneously in nine isolated rabbit hearts. Pinacidil, a K(ATP) channel opener, was used to shorten the action potential duration (APD) in order to capture tissue at fast pacing rates or to induce ventricular tachycardia (VT) comparable to VF activation rates. Mutual information (MI) was used to calculate the degree of AP and CaT coupling. RESULTS: Pinacidil (40 micromol/L) infusion significantly shortened APD. The averaged cycle length (CL) of VF without Pinacidil was (77 +/- 13) ms, whereas the shortest CL achieved during VT under Pinacidil infusion was 76 ms. MIs during fast pacing (1.13 +/- 0.15) bits and fast VT (0.88 +/- 0.18) bits were higher than those during baseline VF (0.39 +/- 0.11) bits, VF with Pinacidil infusion (0.21 +/- 0.07) bits and VF after Pinacidil washout (0.36 +/- 0.15) bits. MIs during fast pacing or fast VT were higher than those of VFs at comparable dominant frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: CaT is closely associated with the AP during fast pacing and fast VT, but not during VF. The reduced MI during VF is not secondary to the fast rate of ventricular activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-434
Number of pages5
JournalZhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
Volume36
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Ventricular Fibrillation
Pinacidil
Action Potentials
Ventricular Tachycardia
Adenosine Triphosphate
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Transient change of cardiac action potential and intracellular Ca2+ during ventricular fibrillation. / Wu, Su hua; Hayashi, Hideki; Lin, Shien-Fong; Ma, Hong.

In: Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases], Vol. 36, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 430-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The cardiac action potential (AP) and the intracellular Ca(2+) transient (CaT) are closely associated under normal physiological conditions, but not during ventricular fibrillation (VF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether this dissociation is directly related to the higher activation rate during VF. METHODS: We optically mapped AP and CaT simultaneously in nine isolated rabbit hearts. Pinacidil, a K(ATP) channel opener, was used to shorten the action potential duration (APD) in order to capture tissue at fast pacing rates or to induce ventricular tachycardia (VT) comparable to VF activation rates. Mutual information (MI) was used to calculate the degree of AP and CaT coupling. RESULTS: Pinacidil (40 micromol/L) infusion significantly shortened APD. The averaged cycle length (CL) of VF without Pinacidil was (77 +/- 13) ms, whereas the shortest CL achieved during VT under Pinacidil infusion was 76 ms. MIs during fast pacing (1.13 +/- 0.15) bits and fast VT (0.88 +/- 0.18) bits were higher than those during baseline VF (0.39 +/- 0.11) bits, VF with Pinacidil infusion (0.21 +/- 0.07) bits and VF after Pinacidil washout (0.36 +/- 0.15) bits. MIs during fast pacing or fast VT were higher than those of VFs at comparable dominant frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: CaT is closely associated with the AP during fast pacing and fast VT, but not during VF. The reduced MI during VF is not secondary to the fast rate of ventricular activation.",
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N2 - OBJECTIVE: The cardiac action potential (AP) and the intracellular Ca(2+) transient (CaT) are closely associated under normal physiological conditions, but not during ventricular fibrillation (VF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether this dissociation is directly related to the higher activation rate during VF. METHODS: We optically mapped AP and CaT simultaneously in nine isolated rabbit hearts. Pinacidil, a K(ATP) channel opener, was used to shorten the action potential duration (APD) in order to capture tissue at fast pacing rates or to induce ventricular tachycardia (VT) comparable to VF activation rates. Mutual information (MI) was used to calculate the degree of AP and CaT coupling. RESULTS: Pinacidil (40 micromol/L) infusion significantly shortened APD. The averaged cycle length (CL) of VF without Pinacidil was (77 +/- 13) ms, whereas the shortest CL achieved during VT under Pinacidil infusion was 76 ms. MIs during fast pacing (1.13 +/- 0.15) bits and fast VT (0.88 +/- 0.18) bits were higher than those during baseline VF (0.39 +/- 0.11) bits, VF with Pinacidil infusion (0.21 +/- 0.07) bits and VF after Pinacidil washout (0.36 +/- 0.15) bits. MIs during fast pacing or fast VT were higher than those of VFs at comparable dominant frequencies. CONCLUSIONS: CaT is closely associated with the AP during fast pacing and fast VT, but not during VF. The reduced MI during VF is not secondary to the fast rate of ventricular activation.

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