Transient endoreplication down-regulates the kinesin-14 HSET and contributes to genomic instability

Shengyao Chen, Jane R. Stout, Sathiya Dharmaiah, Sarah Yde, Brian R. Calvi, Claire E. Walczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyploid cancer cells exhibit chromosomal instability (CIN), which is associated with tumorigenesis and therapy resistance. The mechanisms that induce polyploidy and how these mechanisms contribute to CIN are not fully understood. Here we evaluate CIN in human cells that become polyploid through an experimentally induced endoreplication cycle. When these induced endoreplicating cells (iECs) returned to mitosis, it resulted in aneuploidy in daughter cells. This aneuploidy resulted from multipolar divisions, chromosome missegregation, and failure in cytokinesis. The iECs went through several rounds of division, ultimately spawning proliferative cells of reduced ploidy. iECs have reduced levels of the kinesin-14 HSET, which likely accounts for the multipolar divisions, and overexpression of HSET reduced spindle multipolarity. However, HSET overexpression had only mild effects on CIN, suggesting that additional defects must contribute to genomic instability in dividing iECs. Overall our results suggest that transient endoreplication cycles generate a diverse population of proliferative aneuploid cells that have the potential to contribute to tumor heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2911-2923
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume27
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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