Treadmill running restores MDMA-mediated hyperthermia prevented by inhibition of the dorsomedial hypothalamus

Dmitry V. Zaretsky, Maria V. Zaretskaia, Pamela J. Durant, Daniel E. Rusyniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The contribution of exercise to hyperthermia mediated by MDMA is not known. We recently showed that inhibiting the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) attenuated spontaneous locomotion and hyperthermia and prevented deaths in rats given MDMA in a warm environment. The goal of this study was to confirm that restoring locomotion through a treadmill would reverse these effects thereby confirming that locomotion mediated by the DMH contributes to MDMA-mediated hyperthermia. Rats were randomized to receive bilateral microinjections, into the region of the DMH, of muscimol (80 pmol/100 nl) or artificial CSF followed by a systemic dose of either MDMA (7.5 mg/kg, i.v.) or saline. Immediately after the systemic injection, rats were placed on a motorized treadmill maintained at 32 °C. Rats were exercised at a fixed speed (10 m/min) until their core temperature reached 41 °C. Our results showed that a fixed exercise load abolished the decreases in temperature and mortality, seen previously with inhibition of the DMH in freely moving rats. Therefore, locomotion mediated by neurons in the DMH is critical to the development of hyperthermia from MDMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalBrain research
Volume1608
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2015

Keywords

  • Dorsomedial hypothalamus
  • Heat stroke
  • Hyperthermia
  • Locomotion
  • MDMA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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