Purpose: To investigate whether intensive induction therapy followed by triple-tandem cycles of high-dose therapy with peripheral-blood stem-cell rescue and local irradiation will improve event-free survival for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma. Patients and Methods: From August 1995 to January 2000, 25 consecutive newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma patients and one child with recurrent MYCN-amplified disease were enrolled onto the Chicago Pilot II Protocol. After induction therapy and surgery, peripheral-blood stem cells were mobilized with three cycles of high-dose cyclophosphamide and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Patients then underwent triple-tandem cycles of high-dose therapy with peripheral-blood stem-cell rescue followed by radiation to the primary site. Results: Twenty-two of the 26 patients successfully completed induction therapy and were eligible for the triple-tandem consolidation high-dose therapy. Sufficient numbers of peripheral-blood stem cells were collected in all but one patient. Seventeen patients were able to complete all three cycles of high-dose therapy and peripheral-blood stem-cell rescue, two patients completed two cycles, and three patients completed one cycle. There was one toxic death, and one patient died from complications of treatment for graft failure. With a median follow-up of 38 months, the 3-year event-free survival and survival rates are 57% ± 11% and 79% ± 10%, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this pilot study demonstrate that it is feasible to intensify consolidation with triple-tandem high-dose chemotherapy and peripheral-blood stem-cell rescue and local irradiation, and suggest that this treatment strategy may lead to improved survival for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research