Trends in patient encounters: Implications for family medicine clerkships

Scott E. Renshaw, Robert M. Saywell, Jennifer L. Burba, Ashley L. Butler, Terrell W. Zollinger, Richard D. Kiovsky, Matthew Holley, Brenda O’Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate and equivalent clinical experience is related to the number and diagnoses of patients encountered and should provide students with experiences similar to community practice. This study compares the distribution of diagnoses family medicine clerkship students encountered at a Midwest medical school during 2009–2011 with both 1997– 1999 data and the 2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) samples of family physicians and all physicians. METHODS: Electronically submitted encounter data (2009–2011) were compared to logbook data (1997–1999) and to the 2010 NAMCS data listing primary diagnoses at office visits in the United States by major disease category. RESULTS: Of the 15 diagnoses with ≥150 encounters, seven increased and eight decreased between the two time periods. The relative percent ratio of clerkship diagnoses distribution to the NAMCS family physician distribution revealed that diagnoses ratios were ≤100% in eight categories (clerkship experiences < national) and greater than the national distribution in seven categories. CONCLUSIONS: As medical care services and settings change, documenting comprehensive clinical experiences will be valuable to respond to changes in patient presentations in family physician offices, both locally and nationally. Patient encounter data evaluations should be used to ensure students’ clinical experiences are adequate, equivalent, and reflective of community practice. Continuous assessment of student experiences is essential due to shifts in prevalence, practice characteristics, and changes in patient preferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-769
Number of pages9
JournalFamily medicine
Volume46
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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    Renshaw, S. E., Saywell, R. M., Burba, J. L., Butler, A. L., Zollinger, T. W., Kiovsky, R. D., Holley, M., & O’Hara, B. (2014). Trends in patient encounters: Implications for family medicine clerkships. Family medicine, 46(10), 761-769.