Trigeminal neuralgia in a patient with a dural arteriovenous fistula in Meckel's cave: Case report

Rose Du, Devin K. Binder, Van Halbach, Nancy Fischbein, Nicholas M. Barbaro, Kim J. Burchiel, Michael Sandquist, Marc P. Sindou, Chad J. Morgan, John M. Tew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Trigeminal neuralgia is often the result of vascular compression at the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve. We report a case of trigeminal neuralgia in a patient with a dural arteriovenous fistula in Meckel's cave. Endovascular closure of the fistula resulted in elimination of the patient's pain at the gasserian ganglion level. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old woman was referred for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia after failed conservative treatment, including multiple gasserian ganglion blocks. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain suggested a vascular lesion, and cerebral angiography demonstrated a dural arteriovenous fistula in Meckel's cave. INTERVENTION: Endovascular coil embolization was performed, with obliteration of the dural arteriovenous fistula and resolution of facial pain but with decreased sensation in the face. CONLUSION: Trigeminal neuralgia may be associated with complex vascular lesins around the base of the brain and along the course of the trigeminal nerve. The evaluation of patients with trigeminal neuralgia should include high-quality, thinsection, magnetic resonance imaging scans, to exclude the possibility of vascular lesions and other structural lesions in particular, patients who are being evaluated for surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia should undergo magnetic resonance imaging, with a focus on the course of the trigeminal nerve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-221
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Dural arteriovenous fistula
  • Embolization
  • Microvascular surgery
  • Trigeminal neuralgia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Du, R., Binder, D. K., Halbach, V., Fischbein, N., Barbaro, N. M., Burchiel, K. J., Sandquist, M., Sindou, M. P., Morgan, C. J., & Tew, J. M. (2003). Trigeminal neuralgia in a patient with a dural arteriovenous fistula in Meckel's cave: Case report. Neurosurgery, 53(1), 216-221. https://doi.org/10.1227/01.NEU.0000069535.42897.1F