Purpose: Gated Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) is an emerging treatment modality for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT). However, gating significantly prolongs treatment time. In order to enhance treatment efficiency, a novel dual gated VMAT, in which dynamic arc deliveries are executed sequentially in alternating exhale and inhale phases, is proposed and evaluated experimentally. Methods: The essence of dual gated VMAT is to take advantage of the natural pauses that occur at inspiration and exhalation by alternatively delivering the dose at the two phases, instead of the exhale window only. The arc deliveries at the two phases are realized by rotating gantry forward at the exhale window and backward at the inhale in an alternative fashion. Custom XML scripts were developed in Varian's TrueBeam STx Developer Mode to enable dual gated VMAT delivery. RapidArc plans for a lung case were generated for both inhale and exhale phases. The two plans were then combined into a dual gated arc by interleaving the arc treatment nodes of the two RapidArc plans. The dual gated plan was delivered in the development mode of TrueBeam LINAC onto a motion phantom and the delivery was measured by using pinpoint chamber/film/diode array (delta 4). The measured dose distribution was compared with that computed using Eclipse AAA algorithm. The treatment delivery time was recorded and compared with the corresponding single gated plans. Results: Relative to the corresponding single gated delivery, it was found that treatment time efficiency was improved by 95.5% for the case studied here. Pinpoint chamber absolute dose measurement agreed the calculation to within 0.7%. Diode chamber array measurements revealed that 97.5% of measurement points of dual gated RapidArc delivery passed the 3% and 3mm gamma‐test criterion. Conclusions: A dual gated VMAT treatment has been developed and implemented successfully with nearly doubled treatment delivery efficiency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging