Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Induces Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling During Renal Obstruction Through Truncated Bid Activation

Matthew T. Campbell, Pierre Dagher, Karen L. Hile, Hongji Zhang, Daniel R. Meldrum, Richard C. Rink, Kirstan K. Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: Tumor necrosis factor-α has a significant role in renal tubular cell apoptosis during obstruction induced renal injury. While we have previously reported the role of tumor necrosis factor-α in extrinsic pathway apoptotic signaling during renal obstruction, to our knowledge its effect on intrinsic pathway signaling and mitochondrial release of cytochrome C has not previously been evaluated. Materials and Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction vs sham operation. At 24 hours before surgery and every 84 hours thereafter the animals received vehicle or a pegylated form of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1. The kidneys were harvested 1 week postoperatively. The renal cortex was analyzed for tumor necrosis factor-α production (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), apoptosis (TUNEL and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bax, caspase 8 and truncated Bid expression (Western blot), and mitochondrial cytochrome C release (immunohistochemistry). Results: Renal obstruction induced increased tumor necrosis factor-α production, apoptotic renal tubular death, the expression of Bax, caspase 8 and truncated BID, and mitochondrial release of cytochrome C, while simultaneously stimulating decreased Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression. Treatment with the pegylated form of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 significantly decreased obstruction induced tumor necrosis factor-α production, apoptosis, Bax, caspase 8, truncated Bid expression and mitochondrial cytochrome C release, and increased Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that tumor necrosis factor-α stimulates Bid and subsequent intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway activation during unilateral ureteral obstruction, resulting in mitochondrial cytochrome C release and apoptotic cell death. We identified tumor necrosis factor-α neutralization as a potential therapeutic option for ameliorating obstruction induced renal injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2694-2700
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008



  • apoptosis
  • cytokines
  • mitochondria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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