Nmp4/CIZ proteins (nuclear matrix protein 4/cas interacting zinc finger protein) contribute to gene regulation in bone, blood, and testis. In osteoblasts, they govern the magnitude of gene response to osteotropic factors like parathyroid hormone (PTH). Nmp4/CIZ is recurrently involved in acute leukemia and it has been implicated in spermatogenesis. However, these conserved proteins, derived from a single gene, are expressed in numerous tissues indicative of a more generalized housekeeping function in addition to their tissue-specific roles. To address how Nmp4/CIZ expression is governed, we characterized the 5′ regulatory region of the mouse Nmp4 gene, located on chromosome 6. Two adjacent promoters P1 [-2521 nucleotide (nt)/-597 nt] and P2 (-2521 nt/+1 nt) initiate transcription of alternative first exons (U1 and U2). Both promoters lack TATA and CCAAT boxes but contain initiator sites and CpG islands. Northern analysis revealed expression of both U1 and U2 in numerous adult tissues consistent with the constitutive and ubiquitous activity of a housekeeping gene. Sequence analysis identified numerous potential transcription factor-binding sites significant to osteogenesis, hematopoeisis, and gonadal development. The promoters are active in both osteoblast-like cells and in the M12 B-lymphocyte cell line. Low doses of PTH attenuated P1/P 2 activity in osteoblast-like cells. The Nmp4/CIZ promoters are autoregulated and deletion analysis identified regions that drive P1 and P2 basal activities as well as regions that contain positive and negative regulatory elements affecting transcription. The Nmp4/CIZ promoters comprise a genomic regulatory architecture that supports constitutive expression as well as cell- and tissue-specific regulation.
- Parathyroid hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas