Based on the evidence that Tyr-Pro-Trp-Gly NH2 (Tyr-W-MIF-1) produced dose-dependent, μ-opiate agonistic/antagonistic effects, we investigated whether Tyr-W-MIF-1 exhibited similar properties in the conditioned place preference (CPP) test. To examine the opiate agonistic effects on CPP, rats were conditioned with alternating ICV injections of saline and Tyr-W-MIF-1 (0 or 200 μg). This procedure resulted in Tyr-W-MIF-1-induced CPP. To examine the opiate antagonistic properties of low doses of Tyr-W-MIF-1, morphine-induced CPP was challenged with Tyr-W-MIF-1 (0, 25, 50, or 100 μg). Morphine-induced CPP was not affected by Tyr-W-MIF-1 at these doses. These findings show that in the CPP test Tyr-W-MIF-1 produced opiate agonistic effects at the high dose and was without opiate antagonistic properties at lower doses. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.
- Mixed agonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience