In this study, progressive developmental changes in the nucleus and associated organelles, including the nucleolus, coiled bodies, nuclear envelope, and nucleoplasm, of hamster facial motor neurons were characterized by two parallel analyses: ultrastructural and morphometric. Golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) used for this series were the 14‐day fetus, newborn (<6 hr), and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 days postnatal ages, with 3 animals per group. Following anesthesia and perfusion fixation, facial nuclear groups were dissected and processed for electron microscopy. Electron micrographs and camera lucida tracings of nuclear profiles were collected and analyzed. The ultrastructural analysis revealed progressive changes in the nucleolus from a compact, segregated type to a reticulated form characteristic of actively protein‐secreting cells. Nucleolar microbodies and fibrillar centers were seen at all ages; the latter structures appeared to decrease in size and increase with age in the series. The nucleolus‐associated chromatin became less condensed, suggesting an increase in the incorporation of rDNA into the nucleolus proper. Coiled bodies, both free and attached to nucleoli, were found in varying frequencies. The nucleoplasm of neurons at the earliest stages contained large numbers of heterochromatin clumps, which decreased concomitantly with an increase in interchromatin granules and fibrils during the later stages. Nuclear envelope imaginations, polarized along one side of the nucleus, increased throughout the developmental period examined. These changes occurred in concert with a 61% increase in nuclear size and a 47% increase in the length of nuclear envelope. The sequence of nuclear changes observed during this early period of normal facial neuronal growth completes the study of a series of distinctly defined cytomorphic events in this cell type, the lability of which can be experimentally tested for their functional roles in neuronal development.
- coiled bodies
- facial motoneurons
- neuronal development
- nuclear envelope invaginations
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