Ultraviolet B radiation of human skin generates platelet-activating factor receptor agonists

Jared B. Travers, Damien Berry, Yongxue Yao, Qiaofang Yi, Raymond Konger, Jeffrey Travers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) is a potent stimulator of epidermal cytokine production. In addition to cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), UVB generates bioactive lipids including platelet-activating factor (PAF). Our previous in vitro studies in keratinocytes or epithelial cell lines have demonstrated that UVB-mediated production of PAF agonists is due primarily to the pro-oxidative effects of this stimulant, resulting in the nonenzymatic production of modified phosphocholines (oxidized glycerophosphocholines). The current studies use human skin to assess whether UVB irradiation generates PAF-receptor agonists, and the role of oxidative stress in their production. These studies demonstrate that UVB irradiation of human skin results in PAF agonists, which are blocked by the antioxidant vitamin C and the epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor PD168393. Inasmuch as UVB-generated PAF agonists have been implicated in animal model systems as being involved in photobiologic processes including systemic immunosuppression and cytokine (TNF-α) production, these studies indicate that this novel activity could be involved in human disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-954
Number of pages6
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Fingerprint

platelets
Skin
Platelet Activating Factor
Radiation
radiation
Cytokines
necrosis
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Irradiation
Oxidative stress
Phosphorylcholine
tumors
immunosuppression
stimulants
Keratinocytes
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Immunosuppression
Ascorbic Acid
animal models
irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ultraviolet B radiation of human skin generates platelet-activating factor receptor agonists. / Travers, Jared B.; Berry, Damien; Yao, Yongxue; Yi, Qiaofang; Konger, Raymond; Travers, Jeffrey.

In: Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vol. 86, No. 4, 07.2010, p. 949-954.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Travers, Jared B. ; Berry, Damien ; Yao, Yongxue ; Yi, Qiaofang ; Konger, Raymond ; Travers, Jeffrey. / Ultraviolet B radiation of human skin generates platelet-activating factor receptor agonists. In: Photochemistry and Photobiology. 2010 ; Vol. 86, No. 4. pp. 949-954.
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