Uncorrected distance visual impairment among adolescents in the United States

Alex R. Kemper, David K. Wallace, Xinzhi Zhang, Nita Patel, John E. Crews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe uncorrected distance visual impairment (VI). Methods: We conducted an analysis of the 3,555 adolescents aged 12 through 21 years who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Distance VI was defined as 20/40 or worse in the better-seeing eye. Data were weighted to represent the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Results: Overall, 12.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.7%-14.1%) had distance VI, which was correctable to 20/30 or better in both eyes in 86.1% (95% CI: 83.6%-89.5%). The prevalence was higher among those who reported not having corrective lenses available (44.3%) compared with those who reported that they did not need them (8.5%) or who had them available (5.2%; p <.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, those who were 12 or 13 years of age had 2.27 (95% CI: 1.32-3.90) greater odds of distance VI than older adolescents, and the odds of distance VI were greater among non-Hispanic blacks (1.66 [95% CI: 1.11-2.48]), Hispanics (1.96 [95% CI: 1.35-2.84]), or other race/ethnicities (2.06 [95% CI: 1.19-3.57]) than among non-Hispanic whites. Conclusions: More than 1 in 10 adolescents had uncorrected distance VI. To address this, interventions should address case detection, access to eye care, and adherence with corrective lenses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-647
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vision Disorders
Confidence Intervals
Lenses
Nutrition Surveys
Hispanic Americans
Population

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Health services
  • Lenses
  • Myopia
  • Visual acuity
  • Young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Uncorrected distance visual impairment among adolescents in the United States. / Kemper, Alex R.; Wallace, David K.; Zhang, Xinzhi; Patel, Nita; Crews, John E.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 50, No. 6, 01.06.2012, p. 645-647.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kemper, Alex R. ; Wallace, David K. ; Zhang, Xinzhi ; Patel, Nita ; Crews, John E. / Uncorrected distance visual impairment among adolescents in the United States. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2012 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 645-647.
@article{8ae0ea94b3bb4e15962263058352ec9f,
title = "Uncorrected distance visual impairment among adolescents in the United States",
abstract = "Purpose: To describe uncorrected distance visual impairment (VI). Methods: We conducted an analysis of the 3,555 adolescents aged 12 through 21 years who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Distance VI was defined as 20/40 or worse in the better-seeing eye. Data were weighted to represent the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Results: Overall, 12.3{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 10.7{\%}-14.1{\%}) had distance VI, which was correctable to 20/30 or better in both eyes in 86.1{\%} (95{\%} CI: 83.6{\%}-89.5{\%}). The prevalence was higher among those who reported not having corrective lenses available (44.3{\%}) compared with those who reported that they did not need them (8.5{\%}) or who had them available (5.2{\%}; p <.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, those who were 12 or 13 years of age had 2.27 (95{\%} CI: 1.32-3.90) greater odds of distance VI than older adolescents, and the odds of distance VI were greater among non-Hispanic blacks (1.66 [95{\%} CI: 1.11-2.48]), Hispanics (1.96 [95{\%} CI: 1.35-2.84]), or other race/ethnicities (2.06 [95{\%} CI: 1.19-3.57]) than among non-Hispanic whites. Conclusions: More than 1 in 10 adolescents had uncorrected distance VI. To address this, interventions should address case detection, access to eye care, and adherence with corrective lenses.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Health services, Lenses, Myopia, Visual acuity, Young adult",
author = "Kemper, {Alex R.} and Wallace, {David K.} and Xinzhi Zhang and Nita Patel and Crews, {John E.}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.10.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
pages = "645--647",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Uncorrected distance visual impairment among adolescents in the United States

AU - Kemper, Alex R.

AU - Wallace, David K.

AU - Zhang, Xinzhi

AU - Patel, Nita

AU - Crews, John E.

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - Purpose: To describe uncorrected distance visual impairment (VI). Methods: We conducted an analysis of the 3,555 adolescents aged 12 through 21 years who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Distance VI was defined as 20/40 or worse in the better-seeing eye. Data were weighted to represent the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Results: Overall, 12.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.7%-14.1%) had distance VI, which was correctable to 20/30 or better in both eyes in 86.1% (95% CI: 83.6%-89.5%). The prevalence was higher among those who reported not having corrective lenses available (44.3%) compared with those who reported that they did not need them (8.5%) or who had them available (5.2%; p <.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, those who were 12 or 13 years of age had 2.27 (95% CI: 1.32-3.90) greater odds of distance VI than older adolescents, and the odds of distance VI were greater among non-Hispanic blacks (1.66 [95% CI: 1.11-2.48]), Hispanics (1.96 [95% CI: 1.35-2.84]), or other race/ethnicities (2.06 [95% CI: 1.19-3.57]) than among non-Hispanic whites. Conclusions: More than 1 in 10 adolescents had uncorrected distance VI. To address this, interventions should address case detection, access to eye care, and adherence with corrective lenses.

AB - Purpose: To describe uncorrected distance visual impairment (VI). Methods: We conducted an analysis of the 3,555 adolescents aged 12 through 21 years who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Distance VI was defined as 20/40 or worse in the better-seeing eye. Data were weighted to represent the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Results: Overall, 12.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.7%-14.1%) had distance VI, which was correctable to 20/30 or better in both eyes in 86.1% (95% CI: 83.6%-89.5%). The prevalence was higher among those who reported not having corrective lenses available (44.3%) compared with those who reported that they did not need them (8.5%) or who had them available (5.2%; p <.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, those who were 12 or 13 years of age had 2.27 (95% CI: 1.32-3.90) greater odds of distance VI than older adolescents, and the odds of distance VI were greater among non-Hispanic blacks (1.66 [95% CI: 1.11-2.48]), Hispanics (1.96 [95% CI: 1.35-2.84]), or other race/ethnicities (2.06 [95% CI: 1.19-3.57]) than among non-Hispanic whites. Conclusions: More than 1 in 10 adolescents had uncorrected distance VI. To address this, interventions should address case detection, access to eye care, and adherence with corrective lenses.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Health services

KW - Lenses

KW - Myopia

KW - Visual acuity

KW - Young adult

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862815278&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862815278&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.10.012

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.10.012

M3 - Article

C2 - 22626494

AN - SCOPUS:84862815278

VL - 50

SP - 645

EP - 647

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 6

ER -