Purpose: To investigate oncological outcomes and relapse patterns in retroperitoneal lymph node (LN)-only recurrences with salvage retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (S-RPLND). Materials and Methods: We reviewed records of 19 patients undergoing RPLND for RCC recurrences between 2011 and 2018. All patients initially had primary non-metastatic RCC, with subsequent recurrence restricted to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes (LN). LN recurrence sites after nephrectomy and relapses after S-RPLND were assessed. The primary outcomes were post-RPLND Relapse-Free Survival (RFS), and Cancer-Specific Survival (CSS). Results: The median age of our cohort was 60 years at RPLND. Right and left nephrectomies were performed in 14 (73.7%) and 5 (26.3%), respectively. Clear cell carcinoma was found in 10 (52.6%) patients, followed by papillary in 4(21.1%), chromophobe in 2(10.5%), and ‘other’ in 3 (15.8%). The extent of lymphadenectomy during nephrectomy and S-RPLND varied based on surgical approach. The median follow-up time after S-RPLND of the entire cohort was 31.53 months, and the median RFS was 9.63 months. Overall, 4 patients died of cancer, of which 3 (75%) were N1 at time of nephrectomy. The CSS after RPLND at 3 and 5 years was 81.5% and 61.1%, respectively. The RFS after RPLND at 2 and 5 years was 44.4% and 29.6%, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that aggressive surgical management provides satisfactory CSS with acceptable complication rates. Moreover, we believe this subset of patients with node-only recurrence showed an unpredictable pattern of lymphatic spread, with predilection for regional dissemination warranting surgical resection of LN recurrences in a bilateral template fashion when feasible.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2020|
- Carcinoma, Renal cell
- Kidney neoplasms
- Lymph node excision
ASJC Scopus subject areas