Unique clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics of urinary bladder tumors in children and young adults

Sean R. Williamson, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Gregory T. MacLennan, Rodolfo Montironi, Liang Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations


In children and young adults, urothelial carcinoma and other epithelial neoplasms of the urinary bladder are rare. When these tumors do occur, they appear to exhibit unique clinicopathologic features, with preferentially low-grade morphology and decreased likelihood of recurrence and progression, although some debate exists regarding their biologic behavior. In contrast, a subset of soft tissue tumors is more commonly seen in pediatric patients, with rhabdomyosarcoma being the most common malignancy in this location. Likewise, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor may be a source of differential diagnostic complexity. In the setting of previous bladder augmentation, patients appear to have a distinctive disposition to develop epithelial neoplasms later in life. Data regarding the molecular characteristics and clinical behavior of pediatric bladder tumors are, with the exception of rhabdomyosarcoma, less well understood than those of adult/elderly patients. In this article, we review the distinguishing features of urinary bladder neoplasms in pediatric and young adult patients, with special emphasis on unique clinicopathologic features, molecular-genetic abnormalities, and syndromic associations of urothelial neoplasms in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-426
Number of pages13
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 1 2013


  • Augmentation cystoplasty
  • Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization
  • Neoplasia
  • P53 Mutation
  • Urinary bladder
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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