Up-regulation of glycolytic metabolism is required for HIF1α-driven bone formation

Jenna N. Regan, Joohyun Lim, Yu Shi, Kyu Sang Joeng, Jeffrey M. Arbeit, Ralph V. Shohet, Fanxin Longa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The bone marrow environment is among the most hypoxic in the body, but how hypoxia affects bone formation is not known. Because low oxygen tension stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIFα) proteins, we have investigated the effect of expressing a stabilized form of HIF1α in osteoblast precursors. Brief stabilization of HIF1α in SP7-positive cells in postnatal mice dramatically stimulated cancellous bone formation via marked expansion of the osteoblast population. Remarkably, concomitant deletion of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in the mouse did not diminish bone accrual caused by HIF1α stabilization. Thus, HIF1α-driven bone formation is independent of VEGFA up-regulation and increased angiogenesis. On the other hand, HIF1α stabilization stimulated glycolysis in bone through up-regulation of key glycolytic enzymes including pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1). Pharmacological inhibition of PDK1 completely reversed HIF1α-driven bone formation in vivo. Thus, HIF1α stimulates osteoblast formation through direct activation of glycolysis, and alterations in cellular metabolism may be a broadly applicable mechanism for regulating cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8673-8678
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2014

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