Upregulation of S100A4 after spinal cord transection in adult rats

Kai Hua Zhang, Shu Han, Pei Hua Lu, Xiao Ming Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


AIM: To investigate whether spinal cord transection induces changes of gene expression of S100A4 protein. METHODS: In a spinal cord transection model, S100A4 expression and cellular localization were examined using cDNA microarray, Northern blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence double-labeling methods. RESULTS: There was very limited S100A4 mRNA expression in the control spinal cord. However, S100A4 mRNA expression was increased significantly in both the rostral and caudal spinal cord segments adjacent to the injury site. Specifically, S100A4 gene expression was substantially increased at d 2, peaked at d 7 and d 14, and remained high up to 28 d post-injury. During its peak expression, S100A4 protein was localized in astrocytes of the spinal cord within 5 mm from the site of spinal transection. CONCLUSION: Spinal cord transection induces prolonged S100A4 expression at both mRNA and protein levels in areas close to the injury site. Increased expression of S100A4 in astrocytes after spinal cord transection may indicate that this molecule may play a role in astrocytic responses to injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1012
Number of pages6
JournalActa Pharmacologica Sinica
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Gene expression
  • S100A4
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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