Purpose: The conventional technique for ureterocystoplasty includes complete mobilization and incision of the ureter. We describe a modified procedure in which the distal 3 cm. of ureter are left in place and intact. Materials and Methods: This modification has been used in our last 13 cases of ureterocystoplasty. The first 7 patients with followup of more than a year (mean 28 months) are included in this series, and 6 have undergone video urodynamic evaluation before and after reconstruction. Results: Clinical results have been good. Four patients who have been toilet trained are continent. There have been no problems from stagnant urine in the intact ureter with only I case of pyelonephritis and no bladder calculi. Mean bladder capacity on cystometrogram has increased from 103 to 236 ml. after reconstruction and reached 137% of expected capacity for age and size (range 110 to 155%). No uninhibited contractions or problems with compliance have been noted. Conclusions: The distal ureter may be left intact for ureterocystoplasty to protect ureteral blood supply. This modified technique is sound from a physiological standpoint, technically easier and associated with good results.
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