Introduction: Several antihypertensive drugs are photosensitizing and may promote the development of malignant melanoma (MM), but evidence remains inconsistent. We sought to quantify the association between use of antihypertensive drugs and MM risk. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL from inception to August 17, 2017 to identify observational studies that reported the MM risk associated with the use of antihypertensive drugs. A random-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Overall, we included eight observational studies (two cohort studies and six case–control studies). Compared with non-use, use of diuretics (OR 1.10; 95% CI 1.03–1.17) or β-adrenergic blocking agents (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.04–1.37) was significantly associated with increased risk of MM. The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (OR 1.08; 95% CI 0.95–1.23), angiotensin II receptor blockers (OR 1.12; 95% CI 0.95–1.31), and calcium channel blockers (OR 1.12; 95% CI 0.72–1.74) was not significantly associated with increased risk of MM. Conclusions: Current evidence from observational studies suggests that use of diuretics or β-adrenergic blocking agents may be associated with increased risk of MM. Further large well-conducted prospective studies are required to confirm our findings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)