Use of maximal expiratory flows to evaluate central airways obstruction in infants

Robert S. Tepper, Howard Eigen, John Brown, Roger Hurwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Partial expiratory flow-volume (PEFV) curves obtained by the rapid compression technique were employed to assess airway function in three infants with three different lesions of the central airways (vascular ring, congenital tracheal stenosis, subglottic polyp). Preoperatively, all three demonstrated severe flow limitation with a relatively constant forced expiratory flow over the tidal volume range. Postoperatively the PEFV curves changed to a normal convex shape, and the maximal expiratory flows at functional residual capacity (VmaxFRC) returned to normal. The PEFV curve adds to our physiologic assessment of the severity of the central airway obstruction in infants and to the efficacy of our therapeutic intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-274
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric pulmonology
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Airway Obstruction
Functional Residual Capacity
Tidal Volume
Polyps
Blood Vessels
Therapeutics
Tracheal agenesis

Keywords

  • Tracheal lesions
  • expiratory flow limitation
  • rapid compression technique postoperative normalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Use of maximal expiratory flows to evaluate central airways obstruction in infants. / Tepper, Robert S.; Eigen, Howard; Brown, John; Hurwitz, Roger.

In: Pediatric pulmonology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1989, p. 272-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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