Use of survivorship care plans in the United States: Associations with survivorship care

Laura P. Forsythe, Carla Parry, Catherine M. Alfano, Erin E. Kent, Corinne R. Leach, David A. Haggstrom, Patricia A. Ganz, Noreen Aziz, Julia H. Rowland

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Abstract

Background: Survivorship care plans (SCPs), including a treatment summary and follow-up plan, intend to promote coordination of posttreatment cancer care; yet, little is known about the provision of these documents by oncologists to primary care physicians (PCPs). This study compared self-reported oncologist provision and PCP receipt of treatment summaries and follow-up plans, characterized oncologists who reported consistent provision of these documents to PCPs, and examined associations between PCP receipt of these documents and survivorship care. Methods: A nationally representative sample of medical oncologists (n = 1130) and PCPs (n = 1020) were surveyed regarding follow-up care for breast and colon cancer survivors. All statistical tests were two-sided. Multivariable regression models identified factors associated with oncologist provision of treatment summaries and SCPs to PCPs (always/almost always vs less frequent). Results: Nearly half of oncologists reported always/almost always providing treatment summaries, whereas 20.2% reported always/almost always providing SCPs (treatment summary + follow-up plan). Approximately one-third of PCPs indicated always/almost always receiving treatment summaries; 13.4% reported always/almost always receiving SCPs. Oncologists who reported training in late- and long-term effects of cancer and use of electronic medical records were more likely to report SCP provision (P <. 05). PCP receipt of SCPs was associated with better PCP-reported care coordination, physician-physician communication, and confidence in survivorship care knowledge compared to receipt of neither treatment summaries nor SCPs (P <. 05). Conclusions: Providing SCPs to PCPs may enhance survivorship care coordination, physician-physician communication, and PCP confidence. However, considerable progress will be necessary to achieve implementation of sharing SCPs among oncologists and PCPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1579-1587
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume105
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Forsythe, L. P., Parry, C., Alfano, C. M., Kent, E. E., Leach, C. R., Haggstrom, D. A., Ganz, P. A., Aziz, N., & Rowland, J. H. (2013). Use of survivorship care plans in the United States: Associations with survivorship care. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(20), 1579-1587. https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djt258