Using extirpations to understand the human motor cortex

Horsley, Foerster, and Bucy

Joel Vilensky, Sid Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the last part of the 19th century and through the middle of the 20th century, surgeons sometimes extirpated parts of the human motor cortex to control abnormal involuntary movements. This procedure can be traced directly to Victor Horsley, who pioneered the first successful surgery of this type in 1886. Although many neurosurgeons followed Horsley's lead in performing this procedure, few used their results, as he did, to formulate concepts on the role of the motor cortex in movement control. Otfrid Foerster and Paul Bucy were the principal exceptions. We reviewed the surgical procedures these 3 notable neurosurgeons performed on the motor cortex and the hypotheses they subsequently developed on the functions of the motor cortex. We also evaluated these writings relative to contemporary views of motor cortex function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-451
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Neurology
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Fingerprint

Motor Cortex
Dyskinesias
Cortex
Neurosurgeons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Using extirpations to understand the human motor cortex : Horsley, Foerster, and Bucy. / Vilensky, Joel; Gilman, Sid.

In: Archives of Neurology, Vol. 60, No. 3, 01.03.2003, p. 446-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ea75ec05c1cc4481b5cf09b5b6f9ba0c,
title = "Using extirpations to understand the human motor cortex: Horsley, Foerster, and Bucy",
abstract = "During the last part of the 19th century and through the middle of the 20th century, surgeons sometimes extirpated parts of the human motor cortex to control abnormal involuntary movements. This procedure can be traced directly to Victor Horsley, who pioneered the first successful surgery of this type in 1886. Although many neurosurgeons followed Horsley's lead in performing this procedure, few used their results, as he did, to formulate concepts on the role of the motor cortex in movement control. Otfrid Foerster and Paul Bucy were the principal exceptions. We reviewed the surgical procedures these 3 notable neurosurgeons performed on the motor cortex and the hypotheses they subsequently developed on the functions of the motor cortex. We also evaluated these writings relative to contemporary views of motor cortex function.",
author = "Joel Vilensky and Sid Gilman",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1001/archneur.60.3.446",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "446--451",
journal = "Archives of Neurology",
issn = "0003-9942",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using extirpations to understand the human motor cortex

T2 - Horsley, Foerster, and Bucy

AU - Vilensky, Joel

AU - Gilman, Sid

PY - 2003/3/1

Y1 - 2003/3/1

N2 - During the last part of the 19th century and through the middle of the 20th century, surgeons sometimes extirpated parts of the human motor cortex to control abnormal involuntary movements. This procedure can be traced directly to Victor Horsley, who pioneered the first successful surgery of this type in 1886. Although many neurosurgeons followed Horsley's lead in performing this procedure, few used their results, as he did, to formulate concepts on the role of the motor cortex in movement control. Otfrid Foerster and Paul Bucy were the principal exceptions. We reviewed the surgical procedures these 3 notable neurosurgeons performed on the motor cortex and the hypotheses they subsequently developed on the functions of the motor cortex. We also evaluated these writings relative to contemporary views of motor cortex function.

AB - During the last part of the 19th century and through the middle of the 20th century, surgeons sometimes extirpated parts of the human motor cortex to control abnormal involuntary movements. This procedure can be traced directly to Victor Horsley, who pioneered the first successful surgery of this type in 1886. Although many neurosurgeons followed Horsley's lead in performing this procedure, few used their results, as he did, to formulate concepts on the role of the motor cortex in movement control. Otfrid Foerster and Paul Bucy were the principal exceptions. We reviewed the surgical procedures these 3 notable neurosurgeons performed on the motor cortex and the hypotheses they subsequently developed on the functions of the motor cortex. We also evaluated these writings relative to contemporary views of motor cortex function.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037335791&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037335791&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/archneur.60.3.446

DO - 10.1001/archneur.60.3.446

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 446

EP - 451

JO - Archives of Neurology

JF - Archives of Neurology

SN - 0003-9942

IS - 3

ER -