Variability of apoptosis and response in N1-S1 rodent hepatomas to benzamide riboside and correlation to early changes in water apparent diffusion coefficient and sodium MR imaging

Ali Faramarzalian, Gordon McLennan, Stacy L. Bennett, Andriy Babsky, Navin Bansal, Michael Lieber, Laurent Bonnac, Krystoff Pankiewicz, Hiremagalur N. Jayaram

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Abstract

Purpose: This pilot trial assesses variability of apoptosis and response 1 day after hepatic intraarterial (IA) benzamide riboside (BR) in rodent hepatomas and its correlation to water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and single-quantum (SQ) and triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) sodium-23 ( 23Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8) were inoculated with 106 N1-S1 cells. IA BR (20 mg/kg) was infused after 14 days. Animals were killed 1 day (n = 4) or 21 days (n = 4) after therapy. Imaging was performed 1 day before and after treatment. Volume was assessed over 2 weeks. Percentage apoptosis was counted from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-stained slides at 400×magnification. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare apoptosis, and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to compare MR signal intensity (SI). Results: Apoptosis was marginally greater in tumor than in nontumor (6.7% vs 1.3%; P =.08), varying from 2% to 10%. Before treatment, MR SI was greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.18 vs 0.76 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.20 vs 1.04 [P =.03]; TQF, 0.55 vs 0.34 [P =.03]). After treatment, tumors increased in volume (0.62 vs 0.33; P =.016) variably over 2 weeks. MR SI remained greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.20 vs 0.77 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.76 vs 1.15 [P =.016]; TQF, 0.84 vs 0.49 [P =.03]). SQ and TQF SI increased by 47% (P =.016) and 53% (P =.016) in tumors, whereas ADC did not change. Conclusions: Apoptosis was marginal and varied from 2% to 10%. Water ADC, SQ, and TQF MR imaging distinguished tumor from nontumor. Changes in water ADC and sodium MR imaging correlated to apoptosis and volume in select cases, but additional animals are needed to validate this trend against tumor growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-900
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

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Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Rodentia
Sodium
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Apoptosis
Water
Neoplasms
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase
Nonparametric Statistics
3-(1-deoxyribofuranosyl)benzamide
Sprague Dawley Rats
Liver
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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Variability of apoptosis and response in N1-S1 rodent hepatomas to benzamide riboside and correlation to early changes in water apparent diffusion coefficient and sodium MR imaging. / Faramarzalian, Ali; McLennan, Gordon; Bennett, Stacy L.; Babsky, Andriy; Bansal, Navin; Lieber, Michael; Bonnac, Laurent; Pankiewicz, Krystoff; Jayaram, Hiremagalur N.

In: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Vol. 24, No. 6, 06.2013, p. 894-900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Faramarzalian, Ali ; McLennan, Gordon ; Bennett, Stacy L. ; Babsky, Andriy ; Bansal, Navin ; Lieber, Michael ; Bonnac, Laurent ; Pankiewicz, Krystoff ; Jayaram, Hiremagalur N. / Variability of apoptosis and response in N1-S1 rodent hepatomas to benzamide riboside and correlation to early changes in water apparent diffusion coefficient and sodium MR imaging. In: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 894-900.
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title = "Variability of apoptosis and response in N1-S1 rodent hepatomas to benzamide riboside and correlation to early changes in water apparent diffusion coefficient and sodium MR imaging",
abstract = "Purpose: This pilot trial assesses variability of apoptosis and response 1 day after hepatic intraarterial (IA) benzamide riboside (BR) in rodent hepatomas and its correlation to water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and single-quantum (SQ) and triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) sodium-23 ( 23Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8) were inoculated with 106 N1-S1 cells. IA BR (20 mg/kg) was infused after 14 days. Animals were killed 1 day (n = 4) or 21 days (n = 4) after therapy. Imaging was performed 1 day before and after treatment. Volume was assessed over 2 weeks. Percentage apoptosis was counted from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-stained slides at 400×magnification. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare apoptosis, and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to compare MR signal intensity (SI). Results: Apoptosis was marginally greater in tumor than in nontumor (6.7{\%} vs 1.3{\%}; P =.08), varying from 2{\%} to 10{\%}. Before treatment, MR SI was greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.18 vs 0.76 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.20 vs 1.04 [P =.03]; TQF, 0.55 vs 0.34 [P =.03]). After treatment, tumors increased in volume (0.62 vs 0.33; P =.016) variably over 2 weeks. MR SI remained greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.20 vs 0.77 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.76 vs 1.15 [P =.016]; TQF, 0.84 vs 0.49 [P =.03]). SQ and TQF SI increased by 47{\%} (P =.016) and 53{\%} (P =.016) in tumors, whereas ADC did not change. Conclusions: Apoptosis was marginal and varied from 2{\%} to 10{\%}. Water ADC, SQ, and TQF MR imaging distinguished tumor from nontumor. Changes in water ADC and sodium MR imaging correlated to apoptosis and volume in select cases, but additional animals are needed to validate this trend against tumor growth.",
author = "Ali Faramarzalian and Gordon McLennan and Bennett, {Stacy L.} and Andriy Babsky and Navin Bansal and Michael Lieber and Laurent Bonnac and Krystoff Pankiewicz and Jayaram, {Hiremagalur N.}",
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T1 - Variability of apoptosis and response in N1-S1 rodent hepatomas to benzamide riboside and correlation to early changes in water apparent diffusion coefficient and sodium MR imaging

AU - Faramarzalian, Ali

AU - McLennan, Gordon

AU - Bennett, Stacy L.

AU - Babsky, Andriy

AU - Bansal, Navin

AU - Lieber, Michael

AU - Bonnac, Laurent

AU - Pankiewicz, Krystoff

AU - Jayaram, Hiremagalur N.

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Purpose: This pilot trial assesses variability of apoptosis and response 1 day after hepatic intraarterial (IA) benzamide riboside (BR) in rodent hepatomas and its correlation to water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and single-quantum (SQ) and triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) sodium-23 ( 23Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8) were inoculated with 106 N1-S1 cells. IA BR (20 mg/kg) was infused after 14 days. Animals were killed 1 day (n = 4) or 21 days (n = 4) after therapy. Imaging was performed 1 day before and after treatment. Volume was assessed over 2 weeks. Percentage apoptosis was counted from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-stained slides at 400×magnification. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare apoptosis, and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to compare MR signal intensity (SI). Results: Apoptosis was marginally greater in tumor than in nontumor (6.7% vs 1.3%; P =.08), varying from 2% to 10%. Before treatment, MR SI was greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.18 vs 0.76 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.20 vs 1.04 [P =.03]; TQF, 0.55 vs 0.34 [P =.03]). After treatment, tumors increased in volume (0.62 vs 0.33; P =.016) variably over 2 weeks. MR SI remained greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.20 vs 0.77 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.76 vs 1.15 [P =.016]; TQF, 0.84 vs 0.49 [P =.03]). SQ and TQF SI increased by 47% (P =.016) and 53% (P =.016) in tumors, whereas ADC did not change. Conclusions: Apoptosis was marginal and varied from 2% to 10%. Water ADC, SQ, and TQF MR imaging distinguished tumor from nontumor. Changes in water ADC and sodium MR imaging correlated to apoptosis and volume in select cases, but additional animals are needed to validate this trend against tumor growth.

AB - Purpose: This pilot trial assesses variability of apoptosis and response 1 day after hepatic intraarterial (IA) benzamide riboside (BR) in rodent hepatomas and its correlation to water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and single-quantum (SQ) and triple-quantum-filtered (TQF) sodium-23 ( 23Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8) were inoculated with 106 N1-S1 cells. IA BR (20 mg/kg) was infused after 14 days. Animals were killed 1 day (n = 4) or 21 days (n = 4) after therapy. Imaging was performed 1 day before and after treatment. Volume was assessed over 2 weeks. Percentage apoptosis was counted from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-stained slides at 400×magnification. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare apoptosis, and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to compare MR signal intensity (SI). Results: Apoptosis was marginally greater in tumor than in nontumor (6.7% vs 1.3%; P =.08), varying from 2% to 10%. Before treatment, MR SI was greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.18 vs 0.76 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.20 vs 1.04 [P =.03]; TQF, 0.55 vs 0.34 [P =.03]). After treatment, tumors increased in volume (0.62 vs 0.33; P =.016) variably over 2 weeks. MR SI remained greater in tumor than in nontumor (ADC, 1.20 vs 0.77 [P =.0078]; SQ, 1.76 vs 1.15 [P =.016]; TQF, 0.84 vs 0.49 [P =.03]). SQ and TQF SI increased by 47% (P =.016) and 53% (P =.016) in tumors, whereas ADC did not change. Conclusions: Apoptosis was marginal and varied from 2% to 10%. Water ADC, SQ, and TQF MR imaging distinguished tumor from nontumor. Changes in water ADC and sodium MR imaging correlated to apoptosis and volume in select cases, but additional animals are needed to validate this trend against tumor growth.

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