Venous thromboembolism in the patient with acute traumatic brain injury: Screening, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment issues

Flora M. Hammond, Michael J. Meighen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism is a life-threatening complication of traumatic brain injury. Consequently, knowledge of available screening, diagnostic, prophylactic, and treatment methods is critical to the management of the individual with traumatic brain injury. Venous thromboembolic risk varies among individuals, resulting in unique screening and prophylactic needs for each patient. In addition, anticoagulation, commonly employed for prophylaxis and treatment in other patient populations, may create an increased risk for intracranial hemorrhage when utilized following traumatic brain injury. The cost, sensitivity, specificity, efficacy, potential side effects, and alternatives for preventing, detecting, and treating venous thromboembolism are important considerations discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-50
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • Complications
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Head injury
  • Hemorrhage
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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