Verbal learning and memory in prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants

William Kronenberger, Shirley C. Henning, Allison M. Ditmars, Adrienne S. Roman, David Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Deaf children with cochlear implants (CIs) show poorer verbal working memory compared to normal-hearing (NH) peers, but little is known about their verbal learning and memory (VLM) processes involving multi-trial free recall. Design: Children with CIs were compared to NH peers using the California Verbal Learning Test for Children (CVLT-C). Study sample: Participants were 21 deaf (before age 6 months) children (6–16 years old) implanted prior to age 3 years, and 21 age-IQ matched NH peers. Results: Results revealed no differences between groups in number of words recalled. However, CI users showed a pattern of increasing use of serial clustering strategies across learning trials, whereas NH peers decreased their use of serial clustering strategies. In the CI sample (but not in the NH sample), verbal working memory test scores were related to resistance to the build-up of proactive interference, and sentence recognition was associated with performance on the first exposure to the word list and to the use of recency recall strategies. Conclusions: Children with CIs showed robust evidence of VLM comparable to NH peers. However, their VLM processing (especially recency and proactive interference) was related to speech perception outcomes and verbal WM in different ways from NH peers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 15 2018

Fingerprint

Verbal Learning
Cochlear Implants
Hearing
learning
interference
Short-Term Memory
Cluster Analysis
learning strategy
Speech Perception
Learning and Memory
Deaf children
Verbal Memory
Cochlear Implant
Peers
Learning
performance
evidence
Group

Keywords

  • cochlear implant
  • Deafness
  • learning
  • memory
  • speech perception
  • working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Verbal learning and memory in prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants. / Kronenberger, William; Henning, Shirley C.; Ditmars, Allison M.; Roman, Adrienne S.; Pisoni, David.

In: International Journal of Audiology, 15.06.2018, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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