Vertebral body osteopenia associated with posterolateral spine fusion in humans

Mark A. Myers, Thomas Casciani, M. Gordon Whitbeck, J. Edward Puzas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Study Design. Lateral dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to examine isolated changes in vertebral body mineral density in humans after instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion. Objectives. To determine if device-related osteopenia will occur in humans who undergo spinal fusion. Device-related osteopenia is known to occur as a result of local stress shielding after instrumentation in the appendicular skeleton. This effect has not been observed, however, in humans after spine fusion. To evaluate such changes, the vertebral body mineral density was measured in eight patients who had instrumented lumbar fusion and in eight matched control patients who had lumbar surgery with no fusion. Summary of Background Data. In previous studies of dogs, vertebral body osteopenia occurred as a result of instrumented spine fusions. Previous studies in humans, however, have been limited by the relative insensitivity of conventional photon absorptiometry to isolated changes in the vertebral body because of overlying posterior elements. Methods. Absorptiometry was performed an average of 31.9 months after posterolateral fusion that bridged at least one level in the region of L2-L4. To reduce the effects of individual variations in mineral metabolism, the vertebral values were standardized by using the ratio of vertebral body to femoral neck density for each patient. Results. The mean density ratio for the group of patients who underwent spine fusion was 0.733. This value was significantly lower than the control ratio of 0.879 (P = 0.048). Conclusions. Patients who have undergone instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusions have decreased vertebral body bone mineral density at the level of fusion compared with that of matched controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2368-2371
Number of pages4
JournalSpine
Volume21
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1996

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Keywords

  • absorptiometry
  • bone density
  • instrumentation
  • lumbar spine
  • osteopenia
  • spine fusion
  • stress shielding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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