Very Early Arterial Ischemic Stroke in Premature Infants

Meredith Golomb, Bhuwan P. Garg, Mary Edwards-Brown, Linda Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early stroke in the premature infant has rarely been described. Presented here are the cases of 23 infants, born between 23 and 35 weeks gestational age, with focal arterial ischemic stroke occurring before 44 weeks gestational age. Ten (43%) were male. Five children (22%) were half of a twin pair; no co-twin died. The most commonly affected territory was the middle cerebral artery territory. Three children with extreme prematurity (≤26 weeks) had cerebellar infarcts. Twelve children had unilateral or bilateral intraventricular hemorrhages (grade 3 or higher in 8 of the 12). Twelve children had white matter injury: periventricular leukomalacia, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, or both. Most children had multiple comorbidities, and the median neonatal intensive care unit stay was 63 days (range, 14-365). One child died in the neonatal intensive care unit (age 123 days). All 22 survivors were left with disabilities. Seventeen (77%) had cerebral palsy, 10 (45%) had epilepsy, and 17 (77%) had cognitive impairment. Arterial ischemic stroke appears to add to the neurologic disabilities commonly associated with prematurity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-334
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

Fingerprint

Premature Infants
Stroke
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Gestational Age
Periventricular Leukomalacia
Brain Hypoxia-Ischemia
Middle Cerebral Artery
Cerebral Palsy
Nervous System
Comorbidity
Epilepsy
Hemorrhage
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Very Early Arterial Ischemic Stroke in Premature Infants. / Golomb, Meredith; Garg, Bhuwan P.; Edwards-Brown, Mary; Williams, Linda.

In: Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 38, No. 5, 05.2008, p. 329-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Golomb, Meredith ; Garg, Bhuwan P. ; Edwards-Brown, Mary ; Williams, Linda. / Very Early Arterial Ischemic Stroke in Premature Infants. In: Pediatric Neurology. 2008 ; Vol. 38, No. 5. pp. 329-334.
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