Visual Spatial Learning Test: Normative Data and Further Validation

James F. Malec, Robert J. Ivnik, Glenn E. Smith, Eric G. Tangalos, Ronald C. Petersen, Emre Kokmen, Leonard T. Kurland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Visual Spatial Learning Test (VSLT) is a nonverbal memory test that requires minimal language and motor abilities. Normative data are presented for VSLT measures of learning, delayed memory, and intrusion errors for 455 individuals ages 56-97 years. Our normative sample is an open community sample that was not screened for memory impairment using psychometric procedures. Validity of these normative data was then assessed by application to a group of patients with dementia. Sequential application of cutoff scores for intrusion errors, learning, and delayed memory correctly identified 87.9% of demented and 78.9% of normal subjects. The VSLT appears to be a test of recognition and cued memory that may be appropriately included in a psychometric battery for the assessment of dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-441
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume4
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Repression (Psychology)
Psychometrics
Dementia
Learning
Aptitude
Language
Spatial Learning
Recognition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Malec, J. F., Ivnik, R. J., Smith, G. E., Tangalos, E. G., Petersen, R. C., Kokmen, E., & Kurland, L. T. (1992). Visual Spatial Learning Test: Normative Data and Further Validation. Psychological Assessment, 4(4), 433-441.

Visual Spatial Learning Test : Normative Data and Further Validation. / Malec, James F.; Ivnik, Robert J.; Smith, Glenn E.; Tangalos, Eric G.; Petersen, Ronald C.; Kokmen, Emre; Kurland, Leonard T.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 4, No. 4, 12.1992, p. 433-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malec, JF, Ivnik, RJ, Smith, GE, Tangalos, EG, Petersen, RC, Kokmen, E & Kurland, LT 1992, 'Visual Spatial Learning Test: Normative Data and Further Validation', Psychological Assessment, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 433-441.
Malec JF, Ivnik RJ, Smith GE, Tangalos EG, Petersen RC, Kokmen E et al. Visual Spatial Learning Test: Normative Data and Further Validation. Psychological Assessment. 1992 Dec;4(4):433-441.
Malec, James F. ; Ivnik, Robert J. ; Smith, Glenn E. ; Tangalos, Eric G. ; Petersen, Ronald C. ; Kokmen, Emre ; Kurland, Leonard T. / Visual Spatial Learning Test : Normative Data and Further Validation. In: Psychological Assessment. 1992 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 433-441.
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