Vitamin A supplementation for the reduction of the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Megan McHenry, Edith Apondi, Rachel Vreeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although advances in HIV prevention and treatment suggest the possibility of creating an AIDS-free generation, many areas of the world still suffer from high rates of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Interventions proven to significantly decrease rates of MTCT of HIV are often unavailable in resource-limited settings due to lack of reliable clean water, low numbers of hospital deliveries and inconsistent availability of antiretroviral medications. Vitamin A, with its multiple roles in epithelial, reproductive and immune function, has been evaluated as a possible intervention for preventing MTCT. Early observational studies suggested an association between vitamin A deficiency and increased rates of MTCT of HIV; however, the controlled studies that followed did not find a benefit for vitamin A in decreasing MTCT rates. Although vitamin A has some benefits for infants postpartum, it is not recommended for the reduction of the risk of MTCT of HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-824
Number of pages4
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

Risk Reduction Behavior
Vitamin A
Mothers
HIV
Vitamin A Deficiency
Postpartum Period
Observational Studies
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Water

Keywords

  • clinical outcomes
  • HIV
  • nutrition
  • pediatrics
  • prevention of mother-to-child transmission
  • vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology
  • Virology

Cite this

Vitamin A supplementation for the reduction of the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. / McHenry, Megan; Apondi, Edith; Vreeman, Rachel.

In: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy, Vol. 13, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 821-824.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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