Studies were done to determine the cause for hypocalcemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia and osteitis fibrosa cystica in a 22-year-old black woman. The patient had normal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (14 ng per milliliter) and markedly elevated serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (137 pg per milliliter). Vitamin D3, 4000 units per day for four weeks, increased the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D to as high as 29 and 297 pg per milliliter, respectively, and corrected the hypocalcemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. The results suggest that the disorder results from impaired end-organ response to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. We propose that the entity be called vitamin-D-dependent rickets Type II.
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