Weight loss attitudes and social forces in urban poor black and white women

Ni Cole R. Keith, Kimberly A. Hemmerlein, Daniel O. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To explore differences between Blacks and Whites in perceived influences on weight-related behaviors among obese urban poor women. Methods: Participants (N = 27) received physician referrals to a weight loss program located in Federally Qualified Health Centers and either never attended or stopped attending. We conducted in-depth, in home interviews using a script informed by focus groups, pilot discussions, and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to learn about participants' weight loss attitudes, social forces and perceived behavioral control. Results: White women reported having more social support and social pressure for weight management activities. Black women reported eating for positive reasons whereas white women associated eating with negative emotions. Conclusion: Social networks and emotions may be critical factors in weight management and lifestyle program participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Obesity
  • Perceptions
  • Poor
  • Social support
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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