Manganese-induced parkinsonism has been recognized since 1837. It has been reported primarily in miners, grinders, and smelters since that time. More recently, isolated case reports involving welders have appeared in the medical literature. Manganism can be distinguished from other forms of parkinsonism by clinical presentation with support from laboratory and radiologic findings. The controversy regarding the risk of parkinsonism in welders is reviewed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology