What Are Optimal Blood Pressure Targets for Patients with Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease?

Gopesh K. Modi, Rajiv Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations


To maximize the risk benefit ratio of blood pressure control in people with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), a number of guidelines provide recommendations on optimal blood pressure (BP) targets in CKD. This review examines these guidelines, their supporting evidence base, and generalizability and limitations of current standards of care. Over the years, the BP targets are liberalized. They now focus on the usual BP target of <140/90 mmHg. In the elderly, where guidelines call for a target of <150/90 mmHg in the general population, the recommendations provide room for the clinician to tailor therapy. Among those with albuminuria of >300 mg/g creatinine, low-quality evidence suggests targeting BP to <130/90 mmHg. Individualization of BP lowering is a key based on comorbid conditions, response to treatment, and level of kidney function. Consideration of out of clinic BP monitoring either implemented by home BP recordings or ambulatory BP measurements may enhance BP control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101
JournalCurrent cardiology reports
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 22 2015



  • Ambulatory BP monitoring
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hypertension
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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