What we do and do not know about women and kidney diseases: Questions unanswered and answers unquestioned: Reflection on world kidney day and international woman’s day

World Kidney Day Steering Committee

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial


Chronic kidney disease affects approximately 10% of the world’s adult population; it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. The World Kidney Day and the International Women’s Day coincide in 2018, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women’s health, and specifically their kidney health, on the community and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly. Girls and women, who make up approximately 50% of the world’s population, are important contributors to society and their families. Gender differences continue to exist around the world in access to education, medical care, and participation in clinical studies. Pregnancy is a unique state for women, offering an opportunity for diagnosis of kidney disease, but also a state where acute and chronic kidney diseases may manifest, and which may impact future generations with respect to kidney health. There are various autoimmune and other conditions that are more likely to impact women, with profound consequences for child bearing and the fetus. Women have different complications on dialysis than men, and are more likely to be donors than recipients of kidney transplants. In this editorial, we focus on what we do and do not know about women’s kidney health and kidney disease, and what we might learn in the future to improve outcomes worldwide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-77
Number of pages13
JournalIranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018



  • Access to care
  • Acute kidney disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Inequities
  • Kidney health
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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