Who's enrolled in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)? An overview of findings from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI).

Cindy Brach, Eugene M. Lewit, Karen VanLandeghem, Janet Bronstein, Andrew W. Dick, Kim S. Kimminau, Barbara LaClair, Elizabeth Shenkman, Laura P. Shone, Nancy Swigonski, Peter G. Szilagyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) was enacted in 1997 to provide health insurance coverage to uninsured low-income children from families who earned too much to be eligible for Medicaid. OBJECTIVES: To develop a "baseline" portrait of SCHIP enrollees in 5 states (Alabama, Florida, Kansas, Indiana, and New York) by examining: 1) SCHIP enrollees' demographic characteristics and health care experiences before enrolling in SCHIP, particularly children with special health care needs (CSHCN), racial and ethnic minority children, and adolescents; 2) the quality of the care adolescents received before enrollment; and 3) the changes in enrollee characteristics as programs evolve and mature. METHODS: Each of 5 projects from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI) surveyed new SCHIP enrollees as identified by state enrollment data. CHIRI investigators developed the CHIRI common core (a set of survey items from validated instruments), which were largely incorporated into each survey. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to ascertain whether there were racial and ethnic disparities in access to health care and differences between CSHCN and those without. Current Population Survey data for New York State were used to identify secular trends in enrollee characteristics. RESULTS: Most SCHIP enrollees (65% in Florida to 79% in New York) resided in families with incomes <or =150% of the federal poverty level. Almost half of SCHIP enrollees lived in single-parent households. A majority of SCHIP parents had not had education beyond high school, and in 2 states (Alabama and New York) approximately 25% had not completed high school. The vast majority of children lived in households with a working adult, and in a substantial proportion of households both parents worked. Children tended to be either insured for the entire 12 months or uninsured the entire 12 months before enrolling in SCHIP. Private insurance was the predominant form of insurance before enrollment in SCHIP in most states, but 23.3% to 51.2% of insured children had Medicaid as their most recent insurance. HEALTH CARE USE AND UNMET NEEDS BEFORE SCHIP: The vast majority of all SCHIP enrollees had a usual source of care (USC) during the year before SCHIP. The proportion of children who changed their USC after enrolling in SCHIP ranged from 29% to 41.3%. A large proportion of SCHIP enrollees used health services during the year before SCHIP, with some variability across states in the use of health care. Nevertheless, 32% to almost 50% of children reported unmet needs. CSHCN: The prevalence of CSHCN in SCHIP (between 17% and 25%) in the study states was higher than the prevalence of CSHCN reported in the general population in those states. In many respects, CSHCN were similar to children without special health care needs, but CSHCN had poorer health status, were more likely to have had unmet needs, and were more likely to use the emergency department, mental health care, specialty care, and acute care in the year before enrolling in SCHIP than children without special health care needs. RACE AND ETHNICITY: A substantial proportion of SCHIP enrollees were black non-Hispanic or Hispanic children (Alabama: 34% and

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatrics
Volume112
Issue number6 Pt 2
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Health Insurance
Research
Delivery of Health Care
Insurance
Child Health
Children's Health Insurance Program
Medicaid
Parents
Single Parent
Health Services Accessibility
Insurance Coverage
Quality of Health Care
Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Brach, C., Lewit, E. M., VanLandeghem, K., Bronstein, J., Dick, A. W., Kimminau, K. S., ... Szilagyi, P. G. (2003). Who's enrolled in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)? An overview of findings from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI). Pediatrics, 112(6 Pt 2).

Who's enrolled in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)? An overview of findings from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI). / Brach, Cindy; Lewit, Eugene M.; VanLandeghem, Karen; Bronstein, Janet; Dick, Andrew W.; Kimminau, Kim S.; LaClair, Barbara; Shenkman, Elizabeth; Shone, Laura P.; Swigonski, Nancy; Szilagyi, Peter G.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 112, No. 6 Pt 2, 12.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brach, C, Lewit, EM, VanLandeghem, K, Bronstein, J, Dick, AW, Kimminau, KS, LaClair, B, Shenkman, E, Shone, LP, Swigonski, N & Szilagyi, PG 2003, 'Who's enrolled in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)? An overview of findings from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI).', Pediatrics, vol. 112, no. 6 Pt 2.
Brach, Cindy ; Lewit, Eugene M. ; VanLandeghem, Karen ; Bronstein, Janet ; Dick, Andrew W. ; Kimminau, Kim S. ; LaClair, Barbara ; Shenkman, Elizabeth ; Shone, Laura P. ; Swigonski, Nancy ; Szilagyi, Peter G. / Who's enrolled in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)? An overview of findings from the Child Health Insurance Research Initiative (CHIRI). In: Pediatrics. 2003 ; Vol. 112, No. 6 Pt 2.
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