William S. Halsted and Harvey W. Cushing: Reflections on their complex association: Historical vignette

Jennifer R. Voorhees, R. Shane Tubbs, Brian Nahed, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations


William Stewart Halsted, the father of modern surgery, and Harvey Williams Cushing, the father of neurosurgery, are remembered for their countless innovations and contributions to the discipline of surgery. Between 1896 and 1912, they worked together at Johns Hopkins Hospital making many of their respective achievements possible. In the later years, their complex relationship, somewhat strained during Cushing's residency, grew into a mutual respect and deep appreciation for one another. In this offering, the authors attempt to elucidate the evolution of this complex relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-390
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009



  • Harvey W. Cushing
  • History of neurosurgery
  • William S. Halsted

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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